Fractional Distillation

Fractional Distillation

Expensive and high-grade products / solvents are not produced in large quantities, as they are typical for pharmaceutical industry & also for fine/special chemical areas. Small, flexible facilities are necessary for these applications, which can be easily cleaned and quickly adjusted for the next product.

Fractional distillation is a process used to separate different components of a mixture based on their boiling points.  It works especially well for distinguishing liquids that have almost identical boiling points. They need corrosion resistant materials that do not interact with the product and do not contaminate it. In addition, it is frequent that only limited space is available for the assembly of the facility, and therefore compact design is preferred.

KERONE has developed a systems perspective to distillation technology, whereby a fully functional distillation unit, including peripheral equipment, is built and assembled in our workshop as a skid, then delivered to the customer as a complete operational system. we have provided multipurpose distillation unit which can perform various types of distillations. Traditionally, the fine chemical and pharmaceutical industries have favored batch distillation.

The mixture is heated to a high temperature during the process, which causes the components with lower boiling points to evaporate first. Then, a fractionating column—which is usually filled with materials that offer a lot of surface area for condensation and re-evaporation—sees these vapors ascend. The components with lower boiling points condense at higher levels while those with higher boiling points condense further down as the vapors rise, cool, and condense at different levels within the column.

As a result, the mixture’s constituents separate according to their respective boiling points, with the constituents with the lowest boiling points condensing at the top and the constituents with the greatest boiling points condensing at the bottom. Fractional distillation is an essential procedure in many domains since it is commonly used to extract pure compounds from complex mixtures in industries including beverage production, chemical manufacture, and petroleum refining.

After being gathered, the condensed liquids are further divided into their pure forms. In order to extract pure components from complex mixtures, fractional distillation is commonly utilized in industries including beverage manufacture, chemical engineering, and petroleum refining.

Types of Fractional Distillation Operations:

  • Simple Distillation
  • Vacuum / High Vacuum Distillation.
  • Fractional Distillation.
  • Azeotropic Distillation

Features of Fractional Distillation

  • Reactor of respective size with Mechanical seal, suitable agitator, Motor, Gear Box, Bottom valve & Cladded insulation.
  • Column with Collector & Distributor of suitable MOC.
  • Main & Vent condenser with product cooler.
  • Reflux – Forced / Gravity whichever is suitable.
  • Rotameters, Temp. sensors with scanner, Pressure / Vacuum Gauges.
  • Two distillate receivers of suitable size.
  • Distillate & reflux lines within skid.
  • Vacuum manifold & vacuum lines within skid.
  • All valves within skid for process, vacuum & utility lines.
  • VFD with Local flameproof panel for speed variation.
  • Reactor base lowering system with either hydraulic or manual operation.
  • SCADA System.

Instrumentation Provided for Fractional Distillation

  • Temperature scanner for the temperatures of Vapor, Utility Inlet & Outlet.
  • Temperature Control loop with control valve on utility side & profile temperature controller in flameproof construction.
  • Pressure control loop with Pressure transmitter & Pressure controller in flameproof construction.
  • Compound gauges on reactor, receivers, vacuum manifold.
  • VFD with local flameproof panel to operate remotely.
  • SCADA system to monitor & record the data

Product Range of Fractional Distillation

  • Distillation Capacity – 10 L to 500 L.
  • Temperature -90 to + 300 Deg. C.
  • Design up to 10 kg/cm2 Pressure to Full vacuum.
  • MOC – SS-304, SS-316, Or any other user specific requirement.
  • Operating RPM of Agitator 0 -300 RPM.
  • Aagitator can be easily changed with atleast 9-10 types of agitators.
KERONE is pioneer in application and implementation engineering with its vast experience and team of professionals. KERONE is devoted to serve the industry to optimize their operations both economically and environmentally with its specialized heating and drying solutions.

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